Books on Washingtonhistoric markersPlaces, peoplethree books


George Washington Frontier Heritage Area


Bibliography for the G.W.F.H.A.

The resources shown below are an example of the various types available; they are not an inclusive collection. This section will be filled out as the project progresses and local communities add their related resources. The bibliography is divided into sections to show the various types of books and videos that are now available and which could be developed in the future. This bibliography should also be seen as an example of the works that might come out of the interest generated by the designation of a National Heritage Area.


Bibliography of Tour Information

Driving Tour Guide Historic Districts and Properties of Berkeley County [West Virginia] is a driving tour guide from the Berkeley County Landmarks Commission listing thirteen mid-eighteenth century buildings or land grants.


Bibliography of Site Specific Material

Fort LoudounFort Loudoun: Washington's Fort in Virginia; by Norman L. Baker; The French and Indian War Foundation, Winchester, Va., 2006. This ninety page booklet is a good example of a work detailing the history of a local historic site. It is complete with maps, drawings (some contemporary), current photographs, an interpreted aerial photo and a wonderful artists conception based on descriptions. It also has numerous footnotes and a bibliography.


Hampshire County Crisis: April 1756; by Terry Gruber; The Fort Edwards Foundation, Capon Bridge, WV, 1999. Short, well researched monograph about one of the most terrible months of French and Indian attacks on the Virginia frontier in Hampshire County. Copies available from The Fort Edwards Foundation -


Bibliography of the Local Area History

Frontier Forts Along the Potomac and Its Tributaries; by William Ansel. A well documented reference to colonial Virginia frontier forts. The work does have some mistakes as certain types of records were not researched and this subject is a very difficult one for which to get contemporary, authoritative information on. No other work covers the forts of the Potomac highlands as extensively.

Kegley's Virginia Frontier: The Beginning of the Southwest, The Roanoke of Colonial Days, 1740-1783; by F. B. Kegley; The Southwest Virginia Historical Society, Roanoke, Va., 1938. This large volume has over thirty maps (many fold-out) some drawn especially for this book and over sixty illustrations. It is a detailed history of southwestern Virginia in the mid-eighteenth century and tells the story of the settlers, the land companies and the events that shaped this region. . There are many listings of land transactions, soldier enlistments and other statistics that present the names of people who settled the region.

Waddell's Annals of Augusta County, Virginia from 1726 TO 1871 (Second ed.) ; by J. A. Waddell; Electronic edition by Rockwood, TN: EagleRidge Technologies. (Original work second ed. published 1902) available from:


Bibliography of the General Area's History and Geography

F&I War in Frederick CountyThe French and Indian War in Frederick County, Virginia With the Forts of the French and Indian War on the Northwestern Frontier; by Norman Baker; Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society. This book contains a very good, concise123 page narrative about the war on the Virginia frontier and also what is probably the most complete listing of forts on the Virginia frontier. It covers all types of forts in the region of the proposed Heritage Area.


G.W. in Va. Backcountry George Washington and the Virginia Backcountry; ed. by Warren R. Hofstra; Madison House Publishers, Madison, WI, 1998. This is a new book which deals in depth with the area of Hampshire County in Washington's day and his effect on it and its effect on him. There are two chapters of special interest: one on Washington the surveyor and the other on Washington's experience as Commander of the Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War. Both chapters give a scholarly perspective on this important time in Washington's life.


For King and CountryFor King and Country; George Washington, The Early Years; by Thomas A. Lewis; John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, 1993. A very good in depth look at George Washington's years on the frontier base very closely on original documents; has good insights into the relationship between the French, the English and the Native Americans. Covers the time from his arrival on the frontier as a surveyor through the trip to the French on the Ohio in the winter of 1753-54 and the Fort Necessity campaign and his time as commander of the Virginia Regiment until his retirement from military duties to become a Virginia planter and his marriage to the richest widow in the colony.


G. W. PapersThe Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series; ed. By W.W. Abbott; University of Virginia Press vols. 1-6, Charlottesville, VA, 1983. The most authoritative collection of George Washington's papers with many footnotes that give information on the people and places mentioned. Volumes 1-6 cover the journal of his surveying and the letters he wrote (and some he received) while commanding the Virginia Regiment on the frontier.


West from ShenandoahWest From Shenandoah: A Scotch-Irish Family Fights for America, 1729-1781; by Thomas A. Lewis; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, N.J., 2004. An exciting look at the westward migration of the largest ethnic group on the colonial American frontier, the Scotch-Irish. Pressured to emigrate from their European homeland, they came to the western part of the Colony of Virginia and played a pivotal role in the expansion of the western frontier and the conflicts that expansion brought. Their fiercely independent spirit and self sufficiency and distrust of government were important in preparing colonial Americans for the coming Revolution.


Crucible of WarCrucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1756; by Fred Anderson; Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2001. This is currently the definitive work on the French and Indian War which was part of the larger Seven Years War. Anderson shows how important it was in the development of the spirit of independence among American colonists. He traces many ways in which it changed both the minds and the situation of the colonists in such a way that they began to question their loyalty to a king far across the ocean who seem not to know their needs or rights. The book is heavily footnoted with both sources and with insights into the people and situations of the time.


Hollows, Peepers  HighlandersHollows, Peepers & Highlanders: An Appalachian Mountain Ecology; by George Constantz; West Virginia University Press, Morgantown, W.Va., 2004. This book is a result of the author's "applying the theory of natural selection to interpret the lives of organisms" in the region of our country that "hosts more species of deciduous trees, salamanders, darters, and shrews that any region of North America." However, the detailed explanations of the changes in organisms reveals the complex beauty of each species and emphasizes the wonderful relationships in nature. The author's engaging style makes for exciting reading and prompts the reader to reflect not only on the development of the Appalachian regions flora and fauna, but also on its future.


George Washington and Winchester, Virginia 1748-1758: A Decade of Preparation for Responsibilities to Come (Vol. VIII, Winchester-Frederick County Historical Papers), Garland S. Quarles, Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society, Winchester, Va., 1974.


Historical Novels

Follow the River; by James Alexander Thom. This was a national best seller and is available in various formats. It is based on the story of the captivity of Mary Ingles at the start of the French and Indian War and her courageous escape and arduous journey back home along the New River. The difficulty of her trek back home is emphasized by the incredulous response of her captives when they heard of her return to her family. It is a good example of a work that highlights a local legendary figure and her wartime experience.


Video Bibliography

George Washington's First War; ed. by Tom Wilson; Paladin Communications, 2003. This video is the second in a series that began with When the Forest Ran Red. The first was about George Washington and Braddock's defeat. This second volume covers the fight along the Virginia Frontier and the campaign to take Fort Duquesne by Gen. John Forbes. Narration is provided by F&I experts Fred Andreson, Stephen Bromwell and John Mohawk.
updated: 9/15/09