French & Indian War Forts
(left) Model of Fort St. Frederick
Fort St. Frederick was the earliest and one of the most
imposing fortifications to be raised on the French claims of Lake Champlain
sometime after the first French presence in 1731. Today only the
foundations can be seen.
(right) Ruins of the British fort at Crown Point
Near the ruins of the earlier French Ft. St. Frederick,
the British built a large and imposing fort to protect their newly won
control of Lake Champlain. Not long after it was built, the fort
suffered a devastating fire. Today only these ruins are a reminder
of the bloody struggle between Europe's two greatest powers for this strategic
water route to the heart of the British colonies.
Crown Point State Park
The Fort at No. 4 in Charlestown, NH
In 1735 the Massachusetts Bay Colony granted township
at No. 4. By 1744 a palisaded village had been built to shelter settlers
during King George's War. The town was also involved
in the later French and Indian War.
Fort Necessity National Battlefield
In the wooded glen not many miles away and here on this
"charming field for an encounter", Lt. Col. George Washington started it
all. Shown here is a reconstruction of the small fort where Washington
offered his only surrender to a foreign power. It was the beginning
of the French and Indian War in North America.
Old Fort Western, Augusta, Maine
New England's oldest surviving fort was built in 1754
as a storehouse and garrison at the head of navigation on the Kennebec
River. During the Revolution, Benedict Arnold used it as the starting
point for his unsuccessful attack on Quebec. In later years it was
used as a store and trade center for settlers flooding into northern New
Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain
Guarding the strategic waterway from Canada to the heart
of the American Colonies, Fort Ticonderoga (earlier the French Fort Carillon),
is perhaps the earliest American historic preservation project and one
of our most interesting French and Indian War sites. Through its
gates during the F&I War and the American Revolution passed some of
our most revered and colorful personalities.
Although its massive stone walls never saw an enemy attack
during the French and Indian War, today this fort hosts some of the best
reenactment events of the era. Its location off I-70 in western Maryland
makes it easily accessible as a day trip for visitors from Washington,
DC and Baltimore, MD.
Fort Frederick State Park
Friends of Fort Frederick
Ligonier, on Forbes Road in Pennsylvania
Whereas the forts of the Virginia frontier were built
by colonial soldiers or civilians, most of the major forts of Pennsylvania
and New York were built by British engineers from plans still available
in archives. This fort was unsuccessfully attacked by a large French
force as Gen. Forbes made his way to capture Ft. Duquesne.
Olde Fort Niagara, New York
Having been used by the military up to the 1960s,
Old Fort Niagara has one of the longest and most important and interesting
histories of war service. From 1679 when the French first established
a trading post (fort) here, until it fell to Britain in 1759, it served
as an important post on the Great Lakes. Today it has a very good
interpretative program and several large reenactment gatherings.
Old Fort Niagara
Ft. Pitt (Ft. Duquesne)
Built on the location of Ft. Duquesne at the Forks of the Ohio, Ft. Pitt was the British fort guarding this strategic river location beginning in 1758 on through the Revolution.
Fort Pitt Museum
Ashby's Fort between Pearsall's on the South Branch and Fort Cumberland at Will's Creek. One of the only places were a building supposed to be an original barracks remains of one of Col. Washington's chain of forts on the Virginia Frontier.
Site of Fort Loudoun, Winchester, Virginia. Col. Washington's headquarters fort. Operated by The French and Indian War Foundation.
Conococheague Institute presenting the early cultural and natural history of the Appalachian frontier of Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia.
Braddock's March is a site devoted to the campaign of Gen. Edward Braddock to take the French Fort Duquesne in 1755; of course, it ended in disaster. The site celebrates the anniversary of Braddock's March in 2005. www.BraddocksMarch.org
Braddock Battlefield History Center is a site devoted to the museum newly constructed on the actual site of Gen. Braddock's battlefield. The museum commemorates one of the most famous military engagements in the history of Colonial America, the Battle of the Monongahela, or "Braddock's Defeat" on July 9, 1755 at the beginning of the French & Indian War. www.braddocksbattlefield.com
Fort Edwards is proud to be a supporter of the establishment of the
Some other sites that are of
interest to French and Indian War enthusiasts include:
Mount Vernon, Virginia
Although it did not look as palatial as this when he
first inherited it, George Washington's Mount Vernon is one of America's
most hallowed shrines. The man remembered here is usually the General
who won our Revolution or the President who formed our government, but
we know he learned his lessons and became a leader in the French and Indian
Fortress of Louisbourg in Canada
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