1716 Gov. Spotswood and Order of Golden Horseshoe cross Blue Ridge mountains 1729(?) first settlers enter the South Branch River Valley before 1735 first settlers (Corbin, Howard, Walker, Rutledge, and Forman) settled in Springfield area of South Branch Valley 1736 first stone set at corner of Fairfax grant on headwaters of Potomac March 1748 George Washington begins surveying in county for Lord Fairfax May 26, 1748 Joseph Edwards received land grant for 400 acres on Great Cacapehon 1748 200 persons reside at Pearsallís Flats 1749 French Capt. Celeron sets copper plates and claims Ohio River for France at least as far as the Kanawah Feb. 7, 1751 Christopher Gist sets marker on lands of the Ohio Company July 4, 1751 Robert Dinwiddie appointed Lt. Gov. of Virginia Colony April 1752 Washington does last surveys July 7, 1752 Joseph Edwards appointed overseer for road from Jeremiah Smith's to the North River 1753 Christopher Gist cuts road for Ohio Company over an old Indian route from mouth of Willís Creek to mouth of the Red Stone Creek on the Monongahela Winter 1753-1754 Washington passes through county on mission to French on Ohio River April 19, 1754 Col. Washington "tarried at Job Pearsall's for the arrival of troops" before his trip to try to capture Ft. Duquesne and his defeat at Ft. Necessity 1754 Governor approves establishment of Hampshire County May 28, 1754 George Washington attacks a small French force killing their leader, Jumonville July 3, 1754 Col. Washington surrenders to the French at Ft. Necessity 1755 First Hampshire Court record July 9, 1755 Gen. Braddock's army ambushed at the Monongahela; Washington and the Virginians cover the retreat. The Virginia frontier is now open to French and Indian attacks. April 16, 1756 Apparently, Daniel Morgan wounded near Hanging Rock on way to Winchester; two companions killed; Morgan escapes with neck/mouth wound and makes way to Edwards on the Cacapon April 18, 1756 Battle of Great Cacapehon; Capt. John Fenton Mercer, Ensign Thomas Carter and fifteen men killed April 22, 1756 Col. Washington writes of Mr. Paris engaging small band of Indians on North River and killing French officer with orders in his pocket to harass the frontier; Washington sends men to reinforce Ft. Edwards June 30, 1758 Washington visits Pearsall's on way to join Gen. Forbes against Ft. Duquesne 1765 Romney Academy built 1770 Iron furnace built at Bloomery Oct-Nov 1770 George Washingtonís last visit to Hampshire County; he and Dr. James Craik spend night in Romney 1777 Capt. William Formanís defeat on the Ohio River during Revolutionary War October, 1777 boundries of Hampshire County changed when Augusta County reformed. June 7, 1781 Francis Asbury crosses Cacapon on first visit to Hampshire County; stayed at William Rannells before traveling to Richard Williams, by 1786 a State road was opened from Winchester via Capon Bridge to Romney 1786 Hardy County cut off from Hampshire Dec. 12, 1787 Watson established; later became Capon Springs Dec. 16, 1790 Town of Springfield established 1796 Post Office established at Romney
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